A wrapper for the
roll_hampel() function that counts
outliers using either a user specified threshold value or a threshold value
based on the statistics of the incoming data.
findOutliers( x, width = 25, thresholdMin = 7, selectivity = NA, fixedThreshold = TRUE )
Integer width of the rolling window.
Numeric threshold for outlier detection
Value between [0-1] used in determining outliers, or
Logical specifying whether outlier detection uses
A vector of indices associated with outliers in the incoming data
thresholdMin level is similar to a sigma value for normally
distributed data. Hampel filter values above 6 indicate a data value that is
extremely unlikely to be part of a normal distribution (~ 1/500 million) and
therefore very likely to be an outlier. By choosing a relatively large value
thresholdMin we make it less likely that we will generate false
positives. False positives can include high frequency environmental noise.
With the default setting of
fixedThreshold = TRUE any value above the
threshold is considered an outlier and the
selectivity is ignored.
selectivity is a value between 0 and 1 and is used to generate an
appropriate threshold for outlier detection based on the statistics of the
incoming data. A lower value for
selectivity will result in more
outliers while a value closer to 1.0 will result in fewer. If
selectivity may have a value of
When the user specifies
selectivity parameters work like squelch and volume on a CB radio:
thresholdMin sets a noise threshold below which you don't want anything
selectivity adjusts the number of points defined as
outliers by setting a new threshold defined by the maximum value of
roll_hampel multiplied by
width, the window width, is a parameter that is passed to
This function is copied from the seismicRoll package.
# Noisy sinusoid with outliers a <- jitter(sin(0.1*seq(1e4)),amount=0.2) indices <- sample(seq(1e4),20) a[indices] <- a[indices]*10 # Outlier detection should identify many of these altered indices sort(indices)#>  552 766 795 1613 1761 2167 2245 2794 3086 3565 3636 4689 5329 5638 5885 #>  6483 6877 7809 8182 9411o_indices <- findOutliers(a) o_indices#>  552 766 795 1613 2245 3086 3565 3636 4689 5329 5638 5885 6483 7809 8182 #>  9411plot(a)points(o_indices, a[o_indices], pch = 16, cex = 0.8, col = 'red')title("Outlier detection using a Hampel filter")